Spring MVC form input value is always null

Spring MVC form input value is always null

I'm new to Spring MVC, but not new to web development in Java. I'm attempting to create a simple form->controller example.

I have a form, a form controller (configured in a context XML pasted below) and my model (a simple bean). When I submit the form the value of my text input is always null, regardless. Any ideas?

Form controller spring configuration:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"        xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd">      <!-- controllers -->      <bean name="/home.html" class="atc.web.view.controller.HomeController" />      <!--bean name="/mirror.html" class="atc.web.view.controller.MirrorController" -->      <bean name="/url-cache.html" class="atc.web.view.controller.URLCacheFormController">     	<property name="synchronizeOnSession" value="true" />     	<!--property name="sessionForm" value="false"-->     	<property name="commandName" value="urlForm"/>     	<property name="commandClass" value="atc.web.view.model.URLBean"/>     	<property name="validator">     		<bean class="atc.web.view.validators.URLValidator"/>     	</property>     	<property name="formView" value="mirror"/>     	<property name="successView" value="url-cache.html"/>     	<property name="URLCachingService" ref="urlCachingService" />     </bean>      <!-- end controllers -->      <bean id="viewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceViewResolver">     	<property name="viewClass" value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView" />     	<property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/" />     	<property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />     </bean>      <!-- custom beans -->      <bean id="breakcrumbInjectionFilter" class="atc.web.view.filter.BreadcrumbInjectionFilter">     	<property name="contextPrefix" value="/home-web" />     </bean>      <!-- end custom beans --> </beans> 

The JSP that contains my form is as follows:

<%@ taglib prefix="form" uri="http://www.springframework.org/tags/form" %> <%@ page contentType="text/html;charset=UTF-8" language="java" %> <%@ include file="/WEB-INF/jspf/core/taglibs.jspf" %> <html> <head><title>Simple tools</title></head> <style> .error s { 	color:#FF0000; } </style> <body> <%@ include file="/WEB-INF/jspf/nav/nav.jspf" %>     Errors: <form:errors path="url" cssClass="error"/>     <form:form method="post" commandName="urlForm">     	<form:input path="url" />     	<input type="submit" align="center" value="Execute" />     </form:form> </body> </html> 

Here's the full source of my controller:

public class URLCacheFormController extends SimpleFormController {     private URLCachingService cachingService;      private static Logger log = Logger.getLogger(URLCacheFormController.class);      public ModelAndView onSubmit(Object command) throws ServletException {     	log.debug(String.format("URLCachingFormController received request with object '%s'", command));     	URLBean urlBean = (URLBean) command;     	try {     		URL url = new URL(urlBean.getUrl());     		URLCache cache = cachingService.cacheURL(url);     		cache.cacheToTempFile();      	} catch (IOException e) {     		log.error("Invalid URL...", e);     	}     	return new ModelAndView(new RedirectView(getSuccessView()));     }      protected Object formBackingObject(HttpServletRequest request) throws ServletException {     	log.debug("formBackingObject() ");     	return new URLBean();     }      public void setURLCachingService(URLCachingService cachingService) {     	this.cachingService = cachingService;     } } 

All of the above produces the following HTML:

<html> <head></head> <body> <div><span><a href="home.html">Home </a></span><span> | <a href="url-cache.html">Page Mirror</a></span></div> <div id="breadcrumb"><span>Your trail:<a href=""/></span></div>Attrs:<div/> <form id="urlForm" method="post" action="/home-web/url-cache.html"> <input id="url" type="text" value="" name="url"/> <input type="submit" align="center" value="Execute"/> </form> </body> </html> 

I'm now overriding doSubmitAction(Object command) but I still do not hit the method. The form submits but the next thing I know I'm presented with the blank form (after formBackingObject(HttpServletRequest request) is called).

That's to say, when I submit, the logging call on line 1 of doSubmitAction in the form controller is never executed. The validator executes, and fails (adds error messages correctly) because the value it's checking is always null (or put correctly, it's never set). The call to formBackingObject always occurs however. The request attribute of my form (the form input 'url') is always null.

Update: OK, so after some serious debugging as suggested by serg555, and removing validation, I can confirm the issue seems to be with mapping the request parameters - such as the value of 'url' from the form - to my command/bean; i.e. the URL is never being set on my bean, or the bean is being recreated.

Please help?

Is there tooling to visualize a live Spring application context? [closed]


auto-detecting components using spring annotations
I don't know where is the problem, let me show you my controller that works and maybe you will be able to figure out what's wrong:.
Performance impact of using aop
public class TestController extends SimpleFormController  {      public TestController () {     	setFormView("testView");     	setSuccessView("testView");     	setCommandClass(TestCmd.class);     	setCommandName("cmd");     }      protected Object formBackingObject(HttpServletRequest request)throws Exception {     	Object o = super.formBackingObject(request);     	TestCmd cmd = (TestCmd) o;      	return cmd;     }       public ModelAndView onSubmit(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response, Object obj, BindException errors) throws Exception {      	TestCmd cmd = (TestCmd) obj;      	log.debug("test value = " + cmd.getTestValue());      	return super.onSubmit(request, response, obj, errors);     }  } 
Spring context.xml and Set.contains()
<form method="post" action="/test.html">     <form:input path="cmd.testValue"/>     <input type="submit"> </form> 
Inside App-servlet.xml:.
How to use CurrentSessionContext/SpringSessionContext along with HibernateDaoSupport to intercept calls to getCurrentSession()
    <bean id="urlMapping"     	class="org.springframework.web.servlet.handler.SimpleUrlHandlerMapping">     	<property name="alwaysUseFullPath" value="true" />     	<property name="mappings">     		<props>     			<prop key="/test.html">testController</prop>     		</props>     	</property>     </bean>     <bean id="testController"     	class="com.sample.TestController">     	<property name="synchronizeOnSession" value="true" />     	<property name="validator">     		<bean class="com.sample.TestValidator"/>     	</property>     </bean> 
How do I force a spring container not to return a singleton instance of a bean?
public class TestValidator implements Validator {      public boolean supports(Class clazz) {     	return (TestCmd.class.equals(clazz));     }      public void validate(Object obj, Errors errors) {     	TestCmd cmd = (TestCmd) obj;     	if (obj == null) {     		// nothing     	} else {      		ValidationUtils.rejectIfEmptyOrWhitespace(errors, "testValue", null, "<b>Value</b> is required");      	}     }  } 
Custom spring scopes?
public class TestCmd {      private String testValue;      public TestCmd() {     }      public String getTestValue() {     	return testValue;     }      public void setTestValue(String testValue) {     	this.testValue = testValue;     }  } 

How can I determine what roles are required to access a URL with Spring Security?


OK, you've verified that a url set within the controller does come through to the JSP, which suggests that the mapping is correct to the command bean.. One more thing.

If the "onSubmit" code is never being reached, that may be a problem with the controller figuring out whether it's a form submission.

It might help to add a name attribute to the submit button, and override "isFormSubmission" to check whether that name is present (i.e.

whether the submit button has been clicked).

If so, isFormSubmission should return true.

(This shouldn't be necessary -- by default the controller assumes that any POST request is a form submission -- but if it helps you'll know more about the problem, and you'll have a work-around fix, at least.).


The cause was the fact that my form bean was not adhering to the Java Bean contract - the setter returned instead of being void and thus couldn't be matched by Spring to invoke..


Try to put the following code in the aplication-context.xml.

This could be your solution if you are having your form encType=multipart/form-data..
<bean id="multipartResolver" class="org.springframework.web.multipart.commons.CommonsMultipartResolver"> <property name="maxUploadSize" value="10000000"/> </bean> 
Also try to remove the content Type from the jsp page.

Well in my case this helped me...!!.


I once spent a lot of time investigating a similar issue.

Finally I found the culprit inside a Binder's initialization method:.
@InitBinder void allowFields(final WebDataBinder binder) {     binder.setAllowedFields("name"); } 
This method sets a restriction on fields that are allowed for binding.

And all the other fields stay unbound, naturally resulting in null values..

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